STEPS on how to write your final year project and suggested project topics..
HOW TO WRITE YOUR RESEARCH PROJECT
Writing a research project is a very easy task when you understand the basic approaches you can use. Scientific research is very important as it provides an objective way of acquiring knowledge about a phenomenon understudied rather than ordinary intuition. Therefore, these approaches are not limited to students academic project, but also extends to research done in organizations such as; marketing research, production research, human resources management research and many more.
The following are easy steps that guide a successful research.
- Choose a researchable topic
The research topic reflects the area of focus of the researcher. The chosen topic might not necessarily be a new topic, but rather, an upgrade of the same topic. However, what makes your work different from the previous one is the problem understudied.
This is a general overview of the topic problems and concepts in line with the research constructs. What could be done here is an examination and/ or criticisms of definitions if necessary; showing the relevance or importance of a theory to the concepts in line with the research construct. It forms a basis for conceptual clarification.
- Problem statement
The problem is an inferred opinion or perspective of the researcher as regards an observed phenomenon. The problem could be a real life problem on one hand, and on the other hand could be in form of a gap or limitation observed from previous articles reviewed. Whichever approach chosen, the most important thing to note is that, the bulk of the research should be problem driven. Thus, the problem forms a basis for all other approaches.
- Research aim and objectives
As discussed earlier, and again, the aim and objectives of the study should reflect the problem. While the aim is the “what you want to do” as a researcher, the objective is the “how you want to do.”
- Choosing study scope, exposing limitation and study significance
The scope shows the extent of coverage of the research. Scope implies many things. It shows how extensive the researcher wants to cover the variables observed; time frame of study, area or location studied and even the population proportion to be studied. While stating the scope of the study, as it is not possible to cover all ends, giving limited means, the constraints or limitations to scope management should be conveyed.
- Literature review
A good literature review should consist of majorly three things which are:
- Empirical review
- Theoretical framework
- Conceptual Framework
Empirical review is simply a summary of different articles reviewed- different research studies conducted by other researchers which seems consistent with the study. An apt researcher should review articles published by many journals as regards the same topic and as well, point out observed “gaps” or limitations in these works. It is expected that the gaps in research should be filled.
- Research methods
Research methods consist of the research approaches or research strategies that would be adopted by the researcher to measure variables analyze data. Examples of research strategies are survey, cross sectional, longitudinal, ethnography, case studies, case writing, e.t.c. It should be noted that research methods is different from research methodology. Research methodology is simply the philosophical backings or the philosophical grounds with which the study is based. Examples of research methodology or research attitude are epistemology or ontology- positivism, interpretivism, pragmatism, critical thinking, triangulation, social contructivism, e.t.c. However, their interrelationships and interrelatedness cannot be neglected.
- Data Analysis
Having gathered data with the use of research methods, depending on the research approach used, the data would be subjected to analysis. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and the likes of e-view are used to analyze quantitative and qualitative data so collected during the investigation.
- Data Interpretation
Data interpretation is necessary as it is one of the major reasons for data gathering. An information not interpreted before decision making is still handicapped. Data interpretation is very important as it reveals the result or implication of several interpolations and manipulations of the researcher during data analysis, on the study. The result is further used for decision making.
- Conclusion and Recommendation
Conclusion and recommendation are based on the findings received from the research. Recommendation is simply a suggestion for way forward as it is hard to actually pose a solution to the identified problems.
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